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Psi Chi Journal Spring 2008

PSI CHI Journal of Psychological Research
Volume 13.1 | Spring 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Embracing the Past and Looking Toward the Future
Christopher Koch, George Fox University

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An Interview With Elizabeth Loftus
Christopher Koch, George Fox University

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Factors Affecting Psi Chi Members’ Satisfaction With Research Opportunities
Kristina McDougal and Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez, Utah State University

ABSTRACT: The present data (similar to those in previous studies) indicated lower satisfaction ratings for research in Psi Chi as compared to other chapter activities. Student involvement in research was lower than might be expected for members (57.1% currently involved). Participation was particularly low for Psi Chi-sponsored research (9.8% of the same) and those students reported lower satisfaction with research than students involved in general research activities. The majority of non-involved students reported lack of participation in research activities because they were "too busy” with work or family obligations (65.1%) and did not know how to get involved (39.4%). Self-reported competence, opportunities for being mentored, knowledge about funding opportunities, and faculty advisor leadership characteristics were all significantly correlated with student satisfaction ratings. Recommendations were offered for improving research involvement and satisfaction.

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Comparing the Psychological and Physical Health of ADHD and Non-ADHD
Female College Students

Jessica. M. Bolton, Jennifer L. Hughes, and Emily D. Kessler, Agnes Scott College

ABSTRACT: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a well-known phenomenon that affects many children and adults alike. Even though both groups are afflicted by this disorder, the majority of research on the subject is focused on children and more specifically males (Arnold, 1996). Although males are referred and diagnosed with the disorder at a higher rate than females, women are displaying symptoms of ADHD and comorbid disorders at comparable rates (Quinn, 2005). The purpose of this study is to assess the differences in the psychological and physical health of female college students with ADHD and without ADHD by testing self-reports of stress, role overload, fatigue, mental health, and optimism. Results indicated that women with ADHD report significantly greater fatigue and role overload than their non- ADHD counterparts.

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Spanish-Language Political Commercials: Does the Method of Persuasion
Affect Overall Efficacy?

Silvia Fabela, Monmouth College

ABSTRACT: Political commercials are a major vehicle for disseminating information about candidates in modern campaigns. There are three main methods, including antithesis, explicit and implicit, used to foster common ground and persuade them to vote for the sponsor of the commercial. A mixed factorial design was used in which independent variables included fluency level and ad type. It was hypothesized that Spanish-language commercials that use the implicit method of identification are more persuasive in terms of likelihood to vote for the sponsoring candidate than those that use explicit or antithesis. Results showed a main effect of the types of ads, albeit a post hoc test revealed that the explicit and implicit methods of persuasion were more persuasive than the antithesis.

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Stepparent Roles
Danielle Geraci, Long Island University

ABSTRACT: The role of the stepparent is relatively undefined within society, raising the possibility that the expectations children have of stepparents might also be unclear. What factors help predict who will have high expectations and who will have low expectations? The current study examined two possible factors. First, if a stepparent enters the child’s life when the child is young, the expectations of the stepparent may be high. Second, the friendliness of the child-stepparent friendly relationship may interact with age, such that the child whose stepparent entered his or her life at a young age and who has a friendly relationship with the stepparent might have especially high expectations of the stepparent. The current study tested these possibilities using data from an online study. It was found that the age at which a stepparent enters a child’s life is negatively associated with the expectations that the child has of the stepparent. However, it was also found that the type of relationship that the child has with the stepparent does not act as a moderator, but rather as a mediator, of expectations.

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Factors Influencing Tipping Behavior in a Restaurant
Cassie N. Jewell, Southern Adventist University

ABSTRACT: Ninety-seven patrons were observed in a restaurant in southeast Tennessee. Before dropping off the check, a waitress acting as a confederate was instructed to either administer a light touch to the shoulder of the patron or to refrain from any physical contact. In addition to age, race, gender, and alcohol consumption, the effects of interpersonal touch on tipping behavior were examined. A statistically significant finding was that young diners tipped an average of 6% more than middleaged diners. Also statistically significant, White diners tipped an average of 7% more than Black diners. There were no statistically significant differences in the tipping behavior of men and women, of patrons who drank and those who did not drink alcohol, and of those who sat in either the non-smoking or smoking sections of the restaurant. Diners who received the interpersonal touch tipped an average of 2% more than diners who were not touched, but this finding was not of statistical significance. The results of this experiment suggest that age and race were the greatest predictors of tipping behavior.

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The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Only original, empirical manuscripts that make a contribution to psychological knowledge are published. Authors are Psi Chi members at the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty level.

 

 

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