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Psi Chi Journal Fall 2008

PSI CHI Journal of Psychological Research
Volume 13.3 | Fall 2008

RESEARCH ARTICLES

An Interview With Diane F. Halpern
Christopher Koch, George Fox University

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Mindless Eating as a Predictor of Body Mass Index
Heather J. Lemoine and Maureen McCarthy, Kennesaw State University

ABSTRACT: This study investigated mindless eating as a predictor of a person’s Body Mass Index (BMI). Results indicated that childhood and adulthood eating patterns and mindless eating behaviors were strongly correlated. Overall, findings suggest a connection between mindless eating and adult behaviors.

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Drug Use Exposure Among Seattle University Students
Koriann E. Brousseau and Michelle C. Baron, Seattle University

ABSTRACT: Drug use on college campuses is a large problem. Because people tend to associate with others who engage in similar behaviors as they themselves do, measuring exposure to drugs can give a picture of what drug use on a college campus is like. This study examines the drug use exposure of 218 undergraduate students at Seattle University, and measures demographic factors and lifetime, last month, and last week exposure to drugs. It was found that class standing is related to recent exposure and current living arrangements influences total exposure overall (lifetime and recent.)

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Academic Achievement and Social Involvement as Predictors of Life Satisfaction Among College Students
Charlotte L. Powers, Clemson University

ABSTRACT: The present study examined academic achievement and social involvement as predictors of undergraduates’ life satisfaction. 103 participants completed a survey that assessed life satisfaction, academic achievement, and different types of social involvement. The results of a multiple regression indicated that both social involvement and academic achievement accounted for unique variance (R2 = .29) in the outcome variable of life satisfaction. In addition, the distinction between structured and unstructured social involvement was examined, and I found that unstructured involvement had a much stronger relationship with life satisfaction. These results indicate that both social involvement and academic achievement are important predictors of undergraduate life satisfaction.

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Preferred Music Genre: The Influence of Major Personality Factors
Lindsay G. Higdon and Eric C. Stephens, University of the Cumberlands

ABSTRACT: Personality traits and musical preferences were obtained and analyzed using the IPIP Five Factor Inventory from Buchanan (2001) and questions regarding preferred musical characteristics similar to those used in a study by Schwartz (2004). The goal was to see if certain types of people (in regard to personality) prefer certain types of music. In addition, Sensation Seeking as defined by Zuckerman (1979) was used as another facet of personality and as a second independent variable. There were 170 students surveyed. Significant main effects were found for Sensation Seeking and Openness to experience, meaning that participants higher in these characteristics tended to prefer harder forms of music.

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The Effect of Skin-Tone and Racism on Perceptions of Attractiveness
Lauren A. McDermott and Terry F. Pettijohn II, Mercyhurst College

ABSTRACT: Caucasian college student participants (N = 70) viewed and rated the attractiveness of facial photographs of male and female Caucasians and African-Americans with lightened, darkened, or original skin-tone. Participants also completed a measure of racism. Although African-American models with lightened skin-tone and Caucasian models with darkened skin-tone were predicted to be rated the most attractive, results revealed the manipulated skin-tone of the photographs did not significantly alter their attractiveness ratings. As predicted, the Caucasian models overall were rated as significantly more attractive than the African-American models and a significant negative relationship was found between racism scores and attractiveness ratings of the African-American photographs. Implications for skintone discrimination are discussed.

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The Effect of Odor Familiarity on Context-Dependent Memory
Howard C. Levin and Julia F. Heberle, Albright College

ABSTRACT: Does familiarity of an odor, controlling for appropriateness, have an effect on odorbased context-dependent memory (CDM). Context-dependent memory is the enhancement of memory due to matching contextual cues in encoding and recall situations. This study separates two aspects of the Cue Distinctiveness Principle, familiarity and context appropriateness. College students were asked to learn and recall a list of words in either matching or non-matching conditions under a novel or familiar odor. The results did not show a significant CDM effect. Therefore, the familiarity component of the cue distinctiveness principle is not an adequate explanation for the mixed results of prior odor-based CDM research and thus context appropriateness, not familiarity, may carry the entire explanatory weight of odor-based CDM effects.

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The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Only original, empirical manuscripts that make a contribution to psychological knowledge are published. Authors are Psi Chi members at the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty level.

 

 

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