Print Page   |   Contact Us   |   Sign In   |   Register
Psi Chi Journal Winter 2013

PSI CHI Journal of Psychological Research
Volume 18.4 | Winter 2013

RESEARCH ARTICLES

The Role of Mood and Personality Type on Creativity
Paige D. Naylor, JongHan Kim, and Terry F. Pettijohn III
Coastal Carolina University

ABSTRACT: Research generally supports the view that positive mood results in higher creativity. The purpose of these two studies was to examine the effect of mood and personality type on creativity in problem solving. Mood was manipulated (positive versus negative) differently and personality type was measured (extravert versus introvert) consistently in both studies using a sample of undergraduate college men (n = 16) and women (n = 57). An interaction effect between mood and personality type was hypothesized. Extraverts in a positive mood were predicted to have higher creativity scores, but introverts in a negative mood were predicted to have higher creativity scores. Results supported the hypothesis. Extraverts in a positive mood had higher scores of creativity and introverts’ scores were higher when in a negative mood for both Study 1 (p = .02) and Study 2 (p = .01). These results are useful in understanding how mood and personality can influence creativity. 

VIEW THIS ARTICLE | RELATED ARTICLE | REQUEST PERMISSION

 

Spatial Attention in a Classroom Is Influenced by Egocentric Thinking
Anika Shah, Lindsey Spiegelman, and Ann Renken
University of Southern California


ABSTRACT:
This study examined the effects of egocentric thinking on spatial attention within a classroom setting. Seventy-four undergraduates (52 women) of traditional college age were recruited through a research participation pool at a large university in Los Angeles, CA. Participants were randomly assigned to write for 3 min about the location of objects in the front of a classroom from either an egocentric (object-self relations) or an allocentric (object-object relations) perspective. Although more left-located objects were described overall, F(1, 59) = 5.92, p = .018, ηp2 = .09, participants who wrote from an egocentric perspective described significantly more objects located to their left than right, t(23) = 3.26, p = .003, d = 0.66; whereas, those who wrote from an allocentric perspective described a statistically equal number of objects to both sides, t(36) = 0.10, p = .922. Our findings are consistent with previous work showing right-hemisphere dominance under the egocentric frame of reference and are the first to show that priming an egocentric perspective increases leftward attention in a naturalistic context of a classroom setting. Future research could examine the effects of frame of reference on spatial attention in other everyday contexts, such as driving or viewing internet content.

VIEW THIS ARTICLE | RELATED ARTICLE | REQUEST PERMISSION

 

The Impact of Music and Mood on Creative Thinking
Kathryn T. Callaghan and Claire M. Growney
University of Mary Washington


ABSTRACT:
This study investigated the links among music, mood, and creative thinking. A total of 72 university students watched two video clips to induce certain moods (happy or sad) and then completed a divergent thinking task while listening to happy or sad music. Overall, there were 4 mood and music conditions. Two conditions were congruent (happy/happy or sad/sad), and the other two were incongruent (happy/sad or sad/happy). It was hypothesized that participants in the congruent conditions would show more creativity on the divergent thinking task, and participants in the incongruent conditions would show less creativity on the same task. There was a significant interaction between induced mood and music in the analysis of fluency of responses, F(1, 64) = 5.15, p = .027, R2 = .07. When in a sad mood, people gave fewer responses if they listened to music that was incongruent with their mood. However, the fluency of responses of the people in the happy mood condition was not significantly affected by mood-music congruency. Overall, the findings implied that congruency affected creative ability especially for those people in a sad mood.

VIEW THIS ARTICLE | RELATED ARTICLE | REQUEST PERMISSION

 

A Comparison of Women in Lesbian and Heterosexual Dual-Income Couples: Communication and Conflict
Elizabeth Brashier, Jennifer L. Hughes, and Rachel E. Cook
Agnes Scott College


ABSTRACT:
In light of the current dual-income literature, we examined whether lesbians in dual-income relationships would experience (a) greater domestic communication, (b) greater social support from their partners, (c) less work-family conflict, and (d) less family-work conflict than heterosexual women in dual-income relationships. A sample of 132 heterosexual and 112 lesbian women completed a paper survey about domestic communication, social support, work-family conflict, and family-work conflict. Lesbian women in dual-income couples experienced greater domestic communication, t(234) = 4.119, p < .021, d = 0.62 and greater social support, t(239) = 6.082, p = .001, d = 0.79 than heterosexual women in dual-income couples. Our hypotheses involving work-family and family-work conflict were not supported. These findings could be relevant for therapists working with lesbian couples because they could emphasize possible strengths in their relationships.

VIEW THIS ARTICLE | RELATED ARTICLE | REQUEST PERMISSION

 

The Terror of Pregnancy: The Origin of Ambivalent Attitudes
Leah A. Fredman and Vincent Prohaska
Lehman College, City University of New York


ABSTRACT:
Research on Terror Management Theory (TMT; Goldenberg, Goplen, Cox, & Arndt, 2007) has offered an explanation for the negative views toward uniquely feminine physical features, as well as the ambivalence and prejudice displayed toward pregnant women. Participants read an essay on either creatureliness, uniqueness, or no essay, and then they completed inventories assessing negative attitudes toward corporal attributes. Attitudes toward semen and menstrual blood were found to be undifferentiated, p = .95. Next, in a modification of Goldenberg et al., participants rated the offensiveness of a photograph of a pregnant or nonpregnant model, as well as her competence level and whether the image evoked anger. Prior findings of increased offensiveness and lower competence evaluations of a pregnant female model, as a product of priming the similarities of humans and animals, were not replicated. Participants who did not read an essay displayed increased anger toward the pregnant model (p = .04, ηp2 = .07), indicating that Ambivalent Sexism Theory may provide a strong conceptual framework for the explanation of ambivalent attitudes toward pregnant women.

VIEW THIS ARTICLE | RELATED ARTICLE | REQUEST PERMISSION


 

PSI CHI JOURNAL
VIEW THIS ISSUE
PAST ISSUES
SUBMISSIONS
SUBSCRIPTIONS
ETHICS IN RESEARCH

The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Only original, empirical manuscripts that make a contribution to psychological knowledge are published. Authors are Psi Chi members at the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty level.

Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research is now indexed in PsycINFO, a database service of the American Psychological Association with over 3 million records of peer-reviewed scholarly literature.

 

 

PSICHI.ORG | LEGAL | SITE MAP | CONTACT US

 © 2013 | PSI CHI, THE INTERNATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY IN PSYCHOLOGY
Phone: (423) 756-2044 | Fax: (877) 774-2443 | Certified member of the Association of College Honor Societies
Membership Software Powered by YourMembership.com®  ::  Legal/Privacy