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Occupational Stress as a Function of Type of Organization and Sex of Employee: A Reassessment
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by Carolyn Ann Licht and Linda Zener Solomon* - Marymount Manhattan College
Categories: Gender | I/O
A previous study (Licht, 2000) assessed the relation of occupational stress to sex of employee in 2 New York City organizations, 1 nonprofit and 1 for-profit. The current study tested the reliability of those findings. One hundred sixty participants (men: 38 nonprofit, 36 for-profit; women: 43 nonprofit, 43 for-profit) working in various organizations in several cities completed the Job Stress Survey (JSS; Spielberger, 1994). Based on the previous results, the current hypotheses were: (a) employees of nonprofit organizations would perceive more occupational stress than employees of for-profit organizations; (b) men would perceive significantly more severity, but not frequency, of occupational stress than women. Results were consistent with previous findings and increased their external validity.