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Effects of Recall Requirements on Strategy Selection in a Visual-Spatial Span Task
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by Paula R. Selvidge - Wichita State University
The visual-spatial component of working memory proposed by Baddeley and Hitch (1974) was explored in this experiment. The purpose was to investigate the strategies utilized in recalling item locations by varying the type of recall (free/serial/probe) in a visual-spatial span task. Twenty students at a midwestern university participated in the experiment. It was hypothesized that scores would be greater in the free-recall condition than in the serial-recall condition, and the type of recall task would drive strategy selection. Analysis of variance supported the prediction that scores in the spatial location tasks were affected by the type of recall condition. The presence of recency effects and self-reported strategy selection were examined to investigate the types of strategies used in the spatial location tasks.
Faculty Supervisor: Marilyn Turner