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Anxiety and Self-Confidence in Relation to Individual and Team Sports: A Reevaluation
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by Eric Thomas and Jason P. Kring - Emporia State University
The present study replicated 2 previous studies to determine if athletes who compete solo differ from those who compete as part of a team with regard to anxiety and self-confidence. Athletes, 49 men and 35 women, were divided by sport context and asked to complete the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory (CSAI-2). The analyses showed individual sport athletes exhibit significantly higher levels of cognitive and somatic anxiety and lower levels of self-confidence than team sport athletes who report less cognitive and somatic anxiety and more self-confidence. These findings were consistent with the conclusions of previous studies and support that sport context infiuences athletes’ precompetitive cognitions (Martens, Vealey, & Burton, 1990; Wong, Lox, & Clark, 1993).