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The Effects of Pragmatic Content on Syllogistic Reasoning
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by Benjamin J. Stefonik and Allen Keniston - University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Performances on reasoning tasks have been known to be affected by the type of material presented to the participants. In this study, we examined performance differences between pragmatic and abstract material when solving immediate inference problems using necessity instructions. Participants were given 16 immediate inferences with abstract material and 16 immediate inferences will pragmatic material. An overall significant facilitation effect was found for pragmatic material (p < .01). However, the pragmatic facilitation effects were found for specific problems, not for the entire problem set. Thus, the effects of the study's specific pragmatic material cannot be determined at this time.