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Underpinnings of Academic Success: Effective Study Skills Use as a Function of Academic Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy
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by Blaine D. Landis and Jennifer D. Cavin - Washburn University
Research indicates an internal locus of control (LOC) and high self-efficacy (SE) are related to greater academic performance. However, how LOC and SE relate to self-reported study skills use, a known precursor to academic performance, is not entirely clear. Participants’ scores on the LOC and SE scales were split down the median to produce a 2 x 2 matrix, wherein an internal LOC and high SE would hypothetically correspond to the greatest self-reported use of study skills. The results revealed that participants with a moderate LOC and moderate SE reported significantly less study skills use than the other 3 groups. The authors discuss how greater academic performance is implied through LOC, SE, and their attendant pattern of study skills use.
Faculty Supervisor: Joanne D. Altman, Washburn University