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How Gender and Self-Esteem Impact Death Anxiety Across Adulthood
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by Brenda R. Jackson - Northwest Nazarene University
This study explores the impact of and interactions between age, gender, and self-esteem on death anxiety. The 136 participants consisted of 3 age-groups (18-25, 35-50, 60+), and were students, faculty/staff or emeriti members at a Christian liberal arts university. Participants took the Revised Death Anxiety Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with a brief demographic questionnaire. The initial 3 (age group) x 2 (gender) x 2 (self-esteem) ANOVA was not significant, but further investigation revealed that older adults reported lower death anxiety than young adults and women reported higher death anxiety than men. Self-esteem correlated negatively with death anxiety. These results indicate that age, gender, and self-esteem each impact death anxiety, but do so separately and without interactions.