Psi Chi Poster Session II (2005 EPA)
Conference: Psi Chi Eastern Regional Convention Program (2005)
Psi Chi Poster Session II
3:30 - 5:00 p.m., Back Bay CD
Chair: Paul Finn, Saint Anselm College
Held in conjunction with the Personality and the Self poster session.
EFFECTS OF TALKING ON A CELL PHONE WHILE DRIVING. Nick Schneider & Kris Accardi, Lycoming College (Faculty Advisor: Howard Berthold, Ph.D.)
The relationship between the auditory effect of talking on a cell phone and ones ability to drive a car in a safe manner were examined. Using a t-test, data suggest that talking on a cell phone does reduce attention to visual inputs while driving, causing the driver to be impaired.
EFFECT OF VISUAL ACUITY ON DEPTH PERCEPTION. Jami Gabert, Lycoming College (Faculty Advisor: Howard Berthold, Ph.D.)
Eight participants with 20/20 vision had their binocular depth perception tested using a Howard-Dohlman apparatus. Concave lenses were used to decrease the visual acuity of the participants. This study found that depth perception significantly declined as visual acuity declined.
THE EFFECT OF MUSIC VIDEOS ON SPOKEN WORD RECOGNITION. Kristopher Accardi, Lycoming College (Faculty Advisor: Howard Berthold, Ph.D.)
Participants were presented with either a song accompanied by a video or just the audio version of the song. After each verse, participants wrote down verbatim the words they had heard. Results showed that persons presented with the visual-audio stimulus recalled more words than persons presented with the audio-only stimulus.
DURATION OF ANTICIPATED DEPRIVATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON RESTRAINED EATERS: A PILOT STUDY. Bianca A. Reyes, Saint Anselm College (Faculty Advisor: Paul Finn, Ph.D.)
This study was designed to examine the idea of anticipated deprivation on food intake in restrained eaters. Research has shown that the mere plan of going on a diet can trigger over-eating in restrained eaters (Urbszat, Herman & Polivy, 2002). The current study further explores this proposal by examining whether the extent of disinhibited eating is proportional to the length of the anticipated diet. A follow up study was also done to investigate whether or not there was a difference in the types of food restrained eaters choose to eat when anticipating a diet.
DOES THE POLLYANNA PRINCIPLE OVERSHADOW MOOD CONGRUENCE? Erin M. Sargent, Saint Anselm College (Faculty Advisor: Paul Finn, Ph.D.)
Does the Pollyanna Principle overshadow mood congruence? Positive, negative, and neutral moods were induced. It was hypothesized that all conditions would score higher on recognition tasks for positive words over other words. Mood was not a factor. Positive words were recognized at a higher frequency in comparison to neutral words.
EXPRESSING EMOTIONS: SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH AS A FIRST VERSUS SECOND LANGUAGE. Ruxandra Comanaru, Saint Anselm College (Faculty Advisor: Paul Finn, Ph.D.)
This study investigated differences in emotional expression between people who have English as first versus second language. Data obtained from two groups and analyzed using LIWC, for differences between positive and negative words, yielded significance. The first group expressed more affect and positive emotions in negative situations compared to second.
RELIGION AND SOCIAL CONFLICT. Adela Cufe, Saint Anselm College (Faculty Advisor: Elizabeth Ossoff, Ph.D.)
Previous research has indicated that competing groups use religion to set boundaries between the in- and out-group. It was hypothesized that religion and reward would create an opportune environment for conflict. Results revealed that various interactions of religion, reward and win/lose conditions influence in-group glorification, out-group stereotyping, and group cohesion.
INSTRUCTIONAL CONFOUNDS IN PAIN THRESHOLD STUDIES. Aviva Kafka, Jennifer Phillips, & Jon P. Stanton, Ph.D., College of Notre Dame of Maryland
An ascending method of limits was used to establish a heat pain threshold for seventy participants. The participants were dividend into three groups. Each group received different instructions for the experiment that ranged from no suggestion of pain involvement to full priming for pain. Results suggest instructional differences can significantly influence thresholds for heat pain and should be considered capable of generating altered expectancies that influence outcomes in pain-analysis paradigms.
VERNIER ACCURACY FAILURE WITH A VERTICAL TARGET AND HORIZONTAL LINE. Jennifer Zeman, Kristen Rabbia, Alexander Vito, & Shannon Mulz SUNY at Oneonta (Faculty Advisor: Lawrence T. Guzy, Ph.D.)
Participants align a left-right moving vertical target at the end of a horizontal long line. The target was mislocated to the left of long line placements and target characteristics. The results are consistent with using the converging angle on the retina of the long line to align the target.
SCHOOL VICTIMIZATION AND BULLYING IN VENEZUELA AND THE U.S. Patrice Karcher, Irwin Hyman, & Joseph Ducette, Temple University; Silvana Campagnaro, Universidad Catolica Andres Bello; and Alexander Tabori, Matthew Mahon, & Ian Cohen, Temple University (Faculty Advisor: Margo Storm, Ph.D.)
Victimization of students by peers and school personnel was measured using a retrospective self-report questionnaire with college students in Venezuela and the U.S. Teasing was the event most frequently reported as the self-defined "worst school experience", and was reported as such more frequently in the U.S. than in Venezuela.
CORRELATES OF PEER VICTIMIZATION IN COLLEGE STUDENTS. Timothy Stephen Zeiger & Kimberely Hunsenits, Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania
This study examined the impact of childhood and adolescent bullying experiences on college students. 100 student's with/without histories of bullying completed measures of past bullying experiences and current psychological/emotional functioning. It was predicted that bullied students would report more behavioral, psychological, and emotional problems than non bullied students.
JUDGMENTS OF FEMALE TARGETS BASED ON FACIAL ATTRACTIVENESS & BODY SHAPE. Tricia Lee Jones, Indiana University of Pennsylvania (Faculty Advisor: Maureen McHugh, Ph.D.)
In the present study, 72 male and female participants judged female targets. Both facial and body appearance of target stimuli were manipulated and predicted to have an impact on the participants' judgments with body appearance having the strongest impact if presented first. Hypotheses were partly confirmed by the data.
ATTITUDES TOWARD ROCKEFELLER DRUG LAWS: DEMOGRAPHICS AND KNOWLEDGE AS PREDICTORS. Lori Elwick, Hunter College (Faculty Advisor: Jason Young, Ph.D.)
Under Rockefeller Drug Laws (RDLs), those convicted of possessing 4 ounces of narcotics must serve a minimum sentence of 15 years to life. We investigated demographics as one potential predictor of attitudes toward the RDLs. We also randomly assigned respondents to one of two surveys, one of which further explained the RDLs. Only knowledge predicted opposition.
THE EFFECTS OF ATTACHMENT STYLE ON PERCEPTION OF EMOTIONS. Larisa Belau & Susan Petry, Ph.D., Adelphi University
The relationship between perception of emotion and Attachment Style was examined in 49 female undergraduates who rated and described emotion seen and felt to 12 photographs of pure or ambiguous expressions. Highly Anxious participants did not see but did feel more emotions especially to compound stimuli.
INFLUENCE OF MATERNAL PERSONALITY TRAITS ON CHILDREN'S NY-ELA PERFORMANCE. Nicole Friedman & Cheryl A. Camenzuli, Ph.D., Hofstra University
It was hypothesized that mothers high in achievement would be high in anxiety and this would negatively influence children's English Language Arts scores. Results indicate that achievement and anxiety are positively correlated, there is no correlation between anxiety and ELA scores and achievement and ELA scores were positively correlated.
QUIZ AND TEAM LEARNING WITH FEEDBACK COMPARABLE TO ABSORB/RELATE. Glenn T. Newman & Elizabeth B. Gardner, Ph.D., Fairfield University
Absorb and Relate papers (A/R) were compared with a quiz with team learning and immediate feedback (Q+TL+IFAT), both, or neither as preparation for essay test questions. Results suggested A/R and Q+TL+IFAT are equally effective in helping students master material.