MONDAY, JANUARY 01, 0001
FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 2010
9:00-10:20 am, Upper Exhibit Hall
Moderator: Betsy L. Morgan, University of Wisconsin–La Crosse
Parental Beliefs and Reactions to Emotion Expression: A Look at Gender
JILL HUMBLE & STEPHANIE ANDREN, St. Olaf College (GRACE CHO, Faculty Sponsor)
This study examined gender variation in parents’ beliefs about emotions and their reactions and strategies for dealing with children’s negative emotional expressions. Mothers held more positive beliefs about emotions, used more supportive strategies, and were more encouraging of their children’s expressions of negative emotion than fathers, particularly mothers of daughters.
Severity of Violence Exposure and Proximity of the Perpetrator: The Impact on Child Behavior
AMBER STONE, University of Illinois at Chicago (HEATHER RISSER & PAUL SCHEWE, Faculty Sponsors)
Results demonstrated a significant interaction between severity of violence exposure and proximity of the perpetrator on child externalizing behavior problems. Children exposed to high violence severity with the perpetrator living in the home had the highest externalizing scores. These findings support the idea that children learn aggressive behavior through observing and imitating coercive interaction.
An Investigation of Facial Recognition Processes
CAITLIN M. SMOCK, TONY A. FELDMANN, MIKO M. WILFORD, & GARY L. WELLS, Iowa State University (GARY WELLS, Faculty Sponsor)
Previous research has investigated whether the process of facial recognition occurs holistically, by component, or as a combination of both (Tanaka & Farah, 1993). The current experiment examined facial processing by comparing participant performance in detecting change versus what changed in faces and houses. research has investigated whether the process of facial recognition occurs holistically, by component, or as a combination of both (Tanaka & Farah, 1993). The current experiment examined facial processing by comparing participant performance in detecting change versus what changed in faces and houses.
Rumination, Repentance, and Self-Condoning After Committing an Interpersonal Transgression: Effects of a Writing Experiment
TIMOTHY BRANDT, LINDSEY LAWRENCE, & COURTNEY ST. CLAIR, Hope College (CHARLOTTE VANOYEN-WITVLIET, Faculty Sponsor)
In this between-groups experimental design, participants (91 F, 44 M) were randomly assigned to a 20-minute writing condition: rumination (reliving the offense), repenting, self-condoning, or control. Repenting and self-condoning reduced subjective guilt associated with rumination. Repenting reduced self-condemnation ratings and increased perceived interpersonal forgiveness. Self-condoning stimulated feelings of divine forgiveness.
What's in a Voice? Vocal Characteristics and Their Influence on Courtroom Decision Making
TIFFANY ENTRINGER & LEE STARCK, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse (ALEX O'BRIEN, Faculty Sponsor)
This study investigated the perception of vocal characteristics and their impact on decision-making. Specifically, pitch and rate were examined for their effects on veracity (truthfulness) and verdict of a defendant. It was predicted that lower pitched, faster speaking males would be perceived as most truthful.
Education and Communication: Methods of Preventing Intimate Partner Violence
ELEANOR NELSON, Grinnell College (ASANI SEAWELL, Faculty Sponsor)
This study investigated the relationship between a woman’s education regarding sex and relationships and experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV). The results found that women who did not receive information from medical professionals experienced more IPV. Additionally, women who discussed relationship expectations with their partner experienced less IPV.
Inhibition and Attention in Young Children With NF-1
LORRI A. KAIS, KELLY M. JANKE, & BONITA P. KLEIN-TASMAN, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (BONITA KLEIN-TASMAN, Faculty Sponsor)
Neurofibromatosis-1 (NF-1) is an autosomal disorder that affects 1 in 3,000 people. The purpose of the present study was to examine parental ratings of inattention and impulsivity in young children with NF-1. Significantly elevated rates of such difficulties were found.
Positive and Negative [11C] PiB Status: Relationship to Behavioral and Cognitive Features in Frontotemporal Dementia
ANGELINE A. DE LEON, KELLY A. RYAN, TARIN COULAS, KIRK FREY, ROGER ALBIN, JAMES BURKE, & SID GILMAN, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (BRUNO GIORDANI, Faculty Sponsor)
Diagnosis of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) involves a high rate of inaccuracy and is often misclassified as Alzheimer’s disease. We compared neuropsychological and behavioral data by PiB-PET scan status of patients clinically diagnosed with FTD. Results suggest that using PiB scan with neuropsychological data may be useful in differentiating diagnoses.
Attitudes Towards Women in Power: How Conservative Religious Individuals Form Religious and Political Decisions
JASON MILLER, Andrews University (KARL G.D. BAILEY, Faculty Sponsor)
This study examines whether attitudes towards women in power are similar in religious and political domains. It analyzes research and individual opinion to see if any changes have occurred in attitudinal formation due to the recent success of women politically, and whether these changes have transferred to the domain of religious organizations.
Rearing Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats in Enriched Environments: The Effects on a Model of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
MARYBETH SOUTHARD & NINA L. TIBERI, Bradley University (TIMOTHY KOELTZOW, Faculty Sponsor)
Due to concern about psychostimulant medications as treatment for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this study assesses the impact of enrichment on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) as an ADHD model. It is hypothesized that SHRs will express decreased symptoms of ADHD in behavioral tasks and resistance to relapse in cocaine self-administration.
Attitudes Toward Persons With Disabilities: A Comparison of Chinese and American Students
MOLLY GRAMES & CORTNEY LEVERENTZ, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse (CAROL OYSTER, Faculty Sponsor)
The purpose of this study was to compare American and Chinese attitudes toward different disabilities: congenital physical, acquired physical, and psychiatric. Data from a Q-sort revealed the Chinese had significantly more favorable attitudes toward congenital physical disabilities than Americans; Americans had significantly more favorable attitudes toward psychiatric disabilities than Chinese.
Predictors of Perceived Need for Medical Care in a General Medical Population: An Update
ELVINA WARDJIMAN CHEN, Department of Mental Health Services, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System (LINAS A. BIELIAUSKAS & LAUREN L. DRAG, Faculty Sponsors)
Limited awareness of illness, or insight, has been associated with poor treatment outcomes. We examined various predictors of insight of 403 VA inpatients. Increasing age, a low IQ, poor judgment, and a low level of depression were predictive of a lower acknowledgement of illness. Identifying risk factors for poor insight has significant clinical implications for healthcare providers.
The Effects of Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms on Partner Maltreatment
BENICIA COLÓN, B.A KUTMAS, S.A. AUGUSTINE, K.L. GRAHL, C.L. MEADS, R.P. ROBY, & J.A. WOLFINSOHN, Western Illinois University (MELANIE HETZEL-RIGGIN, Faculty Sponsor)
We hypothesized individuals with high OCD symptoms would report more psychological partner maltreatment than individuals with few OCD symptoms. Using a median split procedure, participants were categorized into high and low OC groups. The results support the hypothesis. Limitations and implications will be discussed.
Guilt and Sympathy Increase Perceptions of Racism and Ageism
LAUREN WRIGHT, JOHN VAN DUSEN, & KYLE STUFFLEBAM, Hope College (MARY INMAN, Faculty Sponsor)
Feelings of guilt and sympathy may be a catalyst for changing views of discrimination. The more that Caucasians felt guilt about their privilege or sympathy for the denied group, the more readily they saw the current situation as racism, new unrelated racially-charged events as racism, and age-based inequalities as ageism.
Contrast Effects for Mildly Unbelievable Tabloid Headlines
JOSHUA STURMFELS, DAVE TOSTO, KIMBERLY MAZZUCA, & MORGAN COTE-COBLE, Christopher Newport University (JEFFREY GIBBONS, Faculty Sponsor)
The current experiment examined changes in believability ratings of mildly unbelievable headlines when presented with extremely unbelievable headlines, believable headlines, or math problems. The results showed a contrast effect. Mildly unbelievable headlines became more believable when presented with extremely unbelievable headlines than when presented with believable headlines or math problems.
Parenting Style as a Predictor of Early Onset Delinquency in Young Twins
JESSICA YOUNG, Southern Illinois University (LISABETH DILALLA, Faculty Sponsor)
Early parenting and child aggression with siblings may predict early delinquent behaviors. This study examined young twins in order to examine environmental and genetic influences on delinquency. Findings include a significant correlation between aggression with sibling at age 5 and parent reported delinquency at age 5.
PTSD: A Reevaluation of the Symptom Dynamic Across Trauma Type
RYAN ROBY, Western Illinois University (MELANIE HETZEL-RIGGIN, Faculty Sponsor)
We hypothesized that three types of civilian trauma would vary in PTSD symptom severity and that women would report higher PTSD scores. Participants completed self-report measures and were classified based on trauma type. Significant main effects of gender and trauma type were found. Limitations and future directions will be discussed.
Effects of Violent Video Games on Cognitive Control and Aggression
ALISSA RASMUSSEN & CHRISTOPHER ENGELHARDT, University of Missouri (BRUCE BARTHOLOW & MELANIE SHELDON, Faculty Sponsor)
This study investigated the effects of violent video game play on aggression and cognitive control. Participants played a violent or nonviolent game, and then completed a Stroop task while ERPs were recorded, as well a task to measure aggression. Results suggest that violent video games elicit increased aggression and diminished cognitive control.
The Mediating Role of Conservative Self-identity on Associations Between Religiosity and Both Individual Evolutionary Knowledge and Attitudes Toward the Relevance of Evolution
MARK R. OSMAN & STEPHEN D. SHORT, University of Kansas (PATRICIA HAWLEY, Faculty Sponsor)
The present study investigates the degree to which religious and political ideological commitments explain individual differences in understanding the theory of evolution and evolution’s perceived relevance. Furthermore, conservative self-identity is analyzed as a mediator of religiosity’s predictive power. Implications for improving the efficacy of evolution education are discussed.
Eliminating the Attentional Blink Through Effective Cuing
ELIZABETH NECKA, DAVID CARRELL, FRANKIE BRUNING, & JOY BULEN, Truman State University (ROBERT TIGNER, Faculty Sponsor)
A moving cue was added to the rapid serial visual presentation of an attentional blink paradigm. The cue allowed participants to precisely anticipate the appearance of T1 and T2. Consistent with prior research, the T2 cue reduced the AB. Interestingly, cuing T1 led to an additional and significant reduction of the blink.
Sensation Seeking in Females From Opposite- Versus Same-Sex Twin Pairs: Hormone Transfer or Sibling Imitation?
ELISE N. BASCOM, WENDY S. SLUTSKE, & MADELINE H. MEIER, University of Missouri, NICHOLAS MARTIN, Queensland Institute of Medical Research (MELANIE SHELDON, Faculty Sponsor)
Sensation seeking (SS) was examined in a study of 4,355 twins. Mean SS scores in opposite-sex female versus same-sex female twins were compared. We found that prenatal exposure to androgens from their male co-twin was associated with higher SS scores in opposite-sex than in same-sex females.
Strengthening Adolescent Emotional Intelligence: Faith and Family
KAYLA KELDER, Missouri Western State University (TEDDI DEKA, Faculty Sponsor)
Strict focus on academics and standardized testing may leave children lacking in ‘emotional intelligence’ (interpersonal and intrapersonal skills) that some believe are even more important to future achievement. In this examination of 600 parochial school adolescents, family cohesion, religiousness and identity significantly predicted trait emotional intelligence.
The Impact of Siblings’ Differential Personal and Peer Group Characteristics on Two Domains of Sibling Conflict
CYNTHIA MAUPIN & NICOLE CAMPIONE-BARR, University of Missouri (NICOLE CAMPIONE-BARR & MELANIE SHELDON, Faculty Sponsors)
Previous research has emphasized parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings as having a significant impact on sibling relationship quality. However, siblings can have differential experiences other than PDT. The present study focused on siblings’ differential temperaments and differential peer characteristics, and their impact on two different domains of sibling conflict.
The Effect of NonPredictive Sweet Tastes on Blood Glucose in Rats
ALYCIA LABOY, Purdue University (SUSAN E. SWITHERS, Faculty Sponsor)
Non-caloric sweeteners may weaken the body’s natural preparatory responses for processing calories and nutrients. Consistent with this hypothesis, in adult male rats tested with a novel sweet premeal, blood glucose levels were affected by prior exposure to saccharin sweetened yogurt diets.
Immediate Subjective Effects of Alcohol in Smokers and Nonsmokers: Evidence From Ecological Momentary Assessment
MELISSA E. TARANTOLA, University of Missouri (THOMAS M. PIASECKI, Faculty Sponsor)
Subjective states and drink appraisals were evaluated relative to smoking status and as a moderator of first drink reactions. Current drinkers (N=404, 64% smokers) were given electronic diaries which administered questionnaires randomly and after the first drink. Results showed smokers had a blunted subjective drinking re