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Psi Chi Journal Summer 2002

PSI CHI Journal of Psychological Research
Volume 7.2 | Summer 2002

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Gender Role Tendencies and Personality Disorders
Gayleen L. McCoy and William E. Snell, Jr., Southeast Missouri State University

ABSTRACT: Although many professionals have speculated that sex may be related to personality disorders, there is little research that has examined how gender roles may affect personality disorders. This study focused on whether gender role phenomena would be related to personality disorders. The results indicated that (a) expressiveness (i.e., psychological femininity) correlated negatively with 10 of the DSM-IV measures of personality disorder and (b) that instrumentality correlated negatively with borderline, avoidant, dependent, negativistic, and depressive personality disorder. Several aspects of the masculine role were also systematically related to paranoid, schizoid, narcissistic, avoidant, and dependent personality disorder. The discussion focuses on the implications and limitations of the present findings.

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Parental Factors Contributing to Narrative Skills Development in Preschool Children
Heather L. Gelhorn and Judith G. Foy, Loyola Marymount University

ABSTRACT: Narrative skills play a crucial role in the progression from preliteracy to full reading comprehension. However, factors contributing to the development of narrative skills are not fully understood. In this study we explored the relation of preschoolers' home literacy environment to narrative skills. The narrative skills of 41 preschoolers were significantly correlated with several factors that are usually controllable by parents, including use of electronic reading-related toys, trips to the library, both the parent and child's print exposure, television variables, and parent-child reading interactions. The results indicated that electronic reading-related toys may be important for the development of narrative skills, and that other variables, such as parent knowledge of children's literature and self-reports of their children's print exposure, may have lesser or negligible effects on narrative ability. The findings, especially those pertaining to electronics, are important to educators and parents alike as they may provide avenues for improving children's narrative skills.

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Cultural Diversity on Campus: Perceptions of Faculty, Staff, and Students
Ronna J. Dillinger and R. Eric Landrum, Boise State University

ABSTRACT: Perceptions of cultural diversity on the university campus may differ according to university status. The current study examined the cultural diversity attitudes of faculty, staff, and students (N = 837) using the Campus Diversity Questionnaire, an original measure. Analyses indicate that these 3 groups have different views on cultural diversity. Additionally, differences exist between groups regarding the advantages and disadvantages of a culturally diverse campus. Results also indicate that the attitudes and perceptions about diversity differ depending on the respondents' cultural background. We explore the implications of these differences and how they affect instructional, institutional, and interpersonal aspects of the university experience.

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Y2K: Preparation or Paranoia?
David D. Luxton and Alan Swinkels, St. Edward's University

ABSTRACT: The present study examined how self-esteem, locus of control, and interpersonal trust would predict Y2K-related behaviors and attitudes, including perceptions of the severity of the potential problem and steps taken to prepare for possible disruptions. Participants completed Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale, Levenson's (1981) Internality, Powerful Others, and Chance Scales, and Rotter's (1967) Interpersonal Trust Scale. Participants also responded to 30 Y2K-related items developed specifically for this study, and identified Y2K-preparatory items they had purchased. The results revealed that chance and interpersonal trust predicted both future behaviors and social fear, whereas sex and interpersonal trust predicted personal concerns about Y2K-related disruptions. The present research offers insight into how people perceive uncertainty as well as how they act when faced with a pressing uncertainty.

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What's in a Chad? Self-Monitoring and Presidential Voting Choices
Don Spurgeon and Randall E. Osborne, Indiana University East

ABSTRACT: Although a large body of literature is devoted to understanding voting behavior and voting trends, little of this research focuses on internal characteristics (such as personality traits) that may predict voting preferences. The current study assessed the relation between the self-monitoring personality characteristic and voting trends at 3 precincts during the 2000 presidential election. As predicted, individuals scoring high on the self-monitoring construct were significantly more likely to vote for Gore, whereas those scoring low on the self-monitoring construct overwhelmingly endorsed Bush. A potential model for predicting voting preferences based on the self-monitoring construct is explored.

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Sexist Humor and Greek College Students
Ashley L. Arnold, Stephen F. Austin State University

ABSTRACT: The current study investigated differences in perceived sexist humor. Male, (n = 29) and female, (n = 47) Greek and non-Greek students read 6 antifemale jokes and 6 antimale jokes. Students rated the perceived humor of each joke using a 5-point Likert-type scale. The researcher predicted that male Greeks would score higher on perceived humor of female-bashing sexist jokes when compared to the other groups. Results confirmed the latter notion. Male-bashing jokes resulted in no interaction or main effects. However, a main effect and an interaction occurred for both sex, F(1, 75) = 12.74, p < .05, and Greek status, F(1, 75) = 8.03, p < .05, when female-bashing jokes acted as the dependent variable. Male Greeks found the female-bashing jokes significantly funnier than did male and female non-Greeks and female Greeks.

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Responsibility and Victim Character in a Rape Scenario Manipulating
Alcohol and Victim Persona

Rachel M. Ross, Molly D. Kretchmar, and Lisa A. Lawrence, Gonzaga University

ABSTRACT: Sixty-four college students (72% women) read 1 of 4 date rape scenarios, in which researchers manipulated victim condition (sober vs. intoxicated) and persona (bold vs. conservative), and responded to a series of questions that measured judgments of responsibility and victim character. As predicted, participants held the intoxicated victim more responsible for the rape than the sober victim and viewed the bold victim as more responsible than the conservative victim. Respondents held the offender less responsible when he aggressed against an intoxicated victim than a sober one. Finally, participants judged the drunk and bold victim's character least favorably. These findings indicate a continued need for education concerning judgments of rape victims.

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The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Only original, empirical manuscripts that make a contribution to psychological knowledge are published. Authors are Psi Chi members at the undergraduate, graduate, and faculty level.

 

 

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