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Psi Chi Journal Winter 2004


Volume 9.4 | Winter 2004
Download This Issue - All articles are now free.

The Effects of Partner's Appearance on the Perception of Physical Attractiveness

Maribeth F. Jorgensen, University of Nebraska at Kearney

ABSTRACT: This study examined the effects that extremely unattractive and extremely attractive partners had on the attractiveness ratings of moderately attractive people. There were two men and two women of each attractiveness level used in this study. Eighty-three high school students and fifty-seven introductory psychology students participated in this study. Participants were given one of sixteen possible pictures of a committed couple. Participants rated the individuals' attractiveness. A univariate analysis indicated that moderately attractive men who were paired with an extremely attractive woman were rated as more attractive than they were when paired with an unattractive woman. Moderately attractive women who were paired with an unattractive man were rated as more attractive than when paired with a handsome man.

Journal Citation Frequency in the Psi Chi Journal Of Undergraduate Research: 1998-2002

Laura M. Marzola and Charles I. Brooks, King's College

ABSTRACT: In this report, we summarize a journal count from articles published in the Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate Research (Psi Chi Journal) for the 5-year period, 1998-2002 to determine (a) the types of journals cited, and (b) the citation frequency of the Psi Chi Journal itself. Findings show a total of 1188 reference citations, with over 72% journal articles. APA journals comprised 40% of the 10 most frequently cited journals, and 30% of the 30 most frequently cited journals. The high citation frequency of APA journals, considered among the most sophisticated professional publications available, is a credit to undergraduate researchers published in the Psi Chi Journal. For the Psi Chi Journal, however, we counted a total of only 5 citations. We discuss reasons for this low rate, but the small number of Psi Chi Journal citations is disappointing because one purpose of the Journal is to stimulate ideas for further research.

Academic Dishonesty Policies Across Universities: Focus on Plagiarism

Jennifer Salhany and Miguel Roig, St. John's University, Notre Dame

ABSTRACT: Using the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, we selected 160 universities from 8 categories (e.g., Doctoral Research University–Extensive , Doctoral Research University–Intensive, Master's Colleges and Universities I, Master's Colleges and Universities II, Baccalaureate Colleges–Liberal Arts, Baccalaureate Colleges–General, Baccalaureate/Associates Colleges, and Associates Colleges). We accessed each institution's handbook and catalog, if available through the Internet. We downloaded and reviewed policies on academic dishonesty and plagiarism. We found that 66% of the institutions sampled have an academic dishonesty policy on their website and 54% include statements about plagiarism.

Electrophysiological Correlates of Alexithymia

Constanza Berger, Gerene K. Starratt, and Christoper Starratt, Barry University

ABSTRACT: Event-related potential (ERP) methodology was used to investigate the electrophysiological nature of alexithymia. Student participants (10 men and 18 women) were identified as relatively high or low in alexithymia using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (Parker, Bagby, Taylor, Endler, & Schmitz, 1993), and ERPs were elicited using an auditory oddball task. The amplitude of the P300 component of the ERP was measured. Effect size differences in hemispheric asymmetries associated with alexithymic characteristics were noted. Results from this study provide insight into the physiological nature of alexithymia.

The Predictability of Thin-Ideal Internalization for Body Image and Implicit Attitudes

Jennifer L. Clavin and Royce G. Simpson, Spring Hill College

ABSTRACT: Thirty-four college students participated in this study which sought to suggest that a correlation exists between thin-ideal internalization, level of body satisfaction, and degree of automatic stereotyping (implicit attitudes). Specifically, we hypothesized that students who exhibit greater thin-ideal internalization will have a lower body image and exhibit an automatic preference for thin-people that those who exhibit minimal thin-ideal internalization. We also hypothesized that women would exhibit greater thin-ideal internalization, greater body dissatisfaction, and stronger automatic preferences for thin people than men. In support of our first hypothesis, the results indicate a significant positive correlation between media influence and body image. However, the implicit attitudes scale did not correlate significantly with any other variables and no gender differences were found.

Pheromonal Influences on Male Perception of Female Attractiveness

Kristin Doepker and Shannon Zimmerman-Nguyen, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh

ABSTRACT: The validity of Athena Pheromone 10:13TM, a pheromone perfume additive advertised to increase the attractiveness of female wearers, was tested on 46 non-smoking males. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions and exposed to pre-rated (attractive, average, and unattractive) female and animal photographs treated with pheromone-laced perfume, perfume, or no scent. Each participant was asked to rate the attractiveness, intelligence, and friendliness of each photograph. Ratings (Scent Condition x Animal vs. Female x Pre-rated Photograph) were analyzed with mixed factorial analysis of variance. Overall, both the perfume and pheromone-laced perfume significantly decreased the perceived attractiveness for both animal and female photographs, but had no effect on intelligence and friendliness ratings.

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