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Psi Chi Journal Spring 2003


Volume 8.1 | Spring 2003
Download This Issue - All articles are now free.

Connecting Romantic Beliefs With Marital Communication and Conflict Resolution

David Lee Dalton, College of the Ozarks

ABSTRACT: This research sought to determine whether any relation exists between romantic beliefs and beliefs regarding communication and conflict resolution. Two questionnaires were administered to 133 college students. The first questionnaire, the Implicit Theories of Relationships Scale (Knee, 1998; Knee, Nanayakkara, Vietor, Neighbors, & Patrick, 2001), measured belief in romantic growth and belief in romantic destiny. The second questionnaire, the Communication and Conflict Resolution Beliefs Inventory (CCRBI; developed for this study), measured beliefs regarding communication and conflict resolution. As predicted, the participants who had a high level of belief in romantic growth in combination with a low level of belief in romantic destiny had the highest level of healthy communication and conflict resolution beliefs. Conversely, high belief in romantic destiny combined with low belief in romantic growth was associated with the poorest communication and conflict resolution beliefs.

Impact of Stress on Health and Coping Tactics in Relation to Sex

Jamie Schaffer and Mary Pritchard, University of Evansville

ABSTRACT: Few studies focus on stress in relation to numerous physical ailments. The purpose of the present research is to examine relations among stress, physical illness, coping, and sex. We surveyed 220 students at a midwestern university. Stress correlated with gastrointestinal ailments. Stress also correlated with various coping tactics (e.g., criticizing oneself). Men used alcohol and drugs to cope significantly more than women, whereas women used support systems. Identifying strategic coping tactics for each sex would help counselors deal with stress more effectively at colleges across the country.

Complexity and Degree of Tempo Modulation as Factors in Productivity

Jeffrey M. Miller and Blaine F. Peden, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire

ABSTRACT: This experiment measured test-taking speed and accuracy as a function of background music tempo acceleration and test complexity. Across periods of 2 min, 3 groups of 11 participants took both a simple and complex math test while listening to background music with the tempo incrementally increased by either 0%, 25%, or 50%. Completion rates, but not accuracy, significantly decreased as the percentage rate of tempo increased. Furthermore, simple test scores decreased significantly more than complex test scores. This outcome suggests some effect of tempo on working memory capacity, necessitating further research using different tempo parameters.

"Please Don't Call on Me": Correlates of Small Group Participation

Jessica Phillips, Roberta Smith, Elizabeth Modaff, and Betsy L. Morgan, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse

ABSTRACT: This study explored the relationship between self-esteem, communication apprehension, extraversion, and small group participation. Fifty female undergraduate General Psychology students participated in groups of 5 to provide feedback regarding 2 children's videos. They viewed two 5-min clips and responded to questions regarding the education and entertainment values for preschool-aged children (ages 5-7). The experimenter recorded the number and length of times each person spoke. Following the video, the participants completed a self-esteem scale, a communication apprehension scale, and an extraversion scale. Hierarchical regression determined that self-esteem was not a significant predictor of small group participation; however, communication apprehension was.

The Influence of Beliefs on Sexual Assault Attributions and Perceptions

Emily Risher Lynch and Lisa Thomson Ross, College of Charleston

ABSTRACT: This study investigated the relation between fundamentalist religious beliefs, victim alcohol consumption, and victim-perpetrator relationship on blaming a sexual assault victim and perceptions of the assault. Male and female participants (N = 124) read vignettes that varied female victim alcohol consumption (she drank 3 drinks or she did not drink) and couple relationship (acquaintances on a first date, steady dating partners, or married). Contrary to prior research, participants did not blame the victim more or hold her more responsible for the attack if she was drinking at the time of the assault. Participants were more likely to perceive the assault as a crime and to label the assault a rape if it was a first date as opposed to a dating couple or married couple. Program ideas to decrease victim blame are discussed.

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