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Psi Chi Journal Fall 2005


Volume 10.3 | Fall 2005
Download This Issue - All articles are now free.

Implicit Egotism as a Function of Need for Uniqueness and Self-Acceptance

Mary F. Attea and Sheila Brownlow, Catawba College

ABSTRACT: The tendency to choose surroundings that remind us of ourselves manifests itself in the name letter effect, which describes how we match the letters in our names to the letters in the names of items we own. We examined name letter matching as a function of two aspects of personality. College students completed the Need for Uniqueness (Snyder & Fromkin, 1977) and Self-Acceptance (Berger, 1952) scales, and provided information about their background and preferences. Women low in the need for uniqueness tended to match the letters in their first names to preference items, whereas men with high self-acceptance showed sound-based matching of first name letters with their preferences. The relationship between overt measures of personality and those that tap implicit self-beliefs is discussed.

Hair Color Preferences in Young Children

Julie M. Ching, Justin B. Lee, Luc Nelson, and Charlene K. Bainum, Pacific Union College

ABSTRACT: Because today's children are bombarded by the media with the message equating blonde with beauty, we hypothesized that young children would display a strong preference for blonde hair and that this preference would be stronger in girls than in boys. Young children were interviewed, shown a picture of four dolls (identical except for hair color), asked to pick their preferred doll, asked their choice of the prettiest hair color, and asked the color to which they would like to change their hair. Children preferred the blonde doll, responded that blonde hair was the prettiest, and most often stated they would change their hair to blonde. We discuss the implications of these findings with respect to self-evaluation and acceptance.

Make No Record of Wrongs: A Study of Attribution and Forgiveness

Mary E. Caler, Jeanine E. Reid, and Gary L. Welton, Grove City College

ABSTRACT: This study was concerned with examining the effect of different attributions on the ease of forgiveness in a college student population. It was hypothesized that when negative behavior was attributed to the offender's negative disposition, participants would find it more difficult to forgive. In contrast, when participants were made to reflect on the positive characteristics of the offender, they would find it easier to forgive. Forgiveness would also be easier when a situational attribution was suggested. Responding to scenarios describing minor interpersonal offenses between friends, participants reported ease of forgiveness consistent with the hypotheses.

The Influence of Empathy on Implicit and Explicit Measures of Anti-Gay Prejudice

Angela J. Nierman, Pomona College

ABSTRACT: This study investigated implicit and explicit measures of anti-gay prejudice and tested empathy as a means of reducing it. Thirty-four undergraduates read a story prime, and completed an implicit and an explicit measure of anti-gay prejudice. It was hypothesized that there would not be a relationship between the measures and that the empathy group would score lower than the control group on both measures. The results showed that the implicit and explicit measures were not significantly correlated. The empathy group scored lower than the control group on both measures; this difference was marginally significant for the implicit measure but was not significant for the explicit measure. This study suggests that empathy may be an effective strategy for reducing anti-gay prejudice.

Age-Related Changes in Producing Proper Names: A Test of the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis

Connie L. Isele and Lori E. James, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs

ABSTRACT: This study used a competitor priming task to test the predictions of the Inhibitory Deficit Hypothesis (IDH) for age differences in proper name production. The IDH predicts that in older adulthood, people become less able to inhibit irrelevant information, particularly when the distracting information is related in meaning to the information of interest. Young and older participants produced well-known proper names presented as part of semantically-related versus unrelated pairs, a task intended to create conditions of maximal interference. The results of the current study did not support the IDH. In fact, the data provided no evidence for semantic interference in either older or young adults. Possible limitations of this competitor priming paradigm and implications for the IDH are discussed.

Self-Esteem, Locus of Control, the Imposter Phenomenon, and Academic Achievement in High School Students

Rachael Parker, Linda Bresette, Jim O'Neill, Mary Scapino, Amanda Walsh, Katelyn Walters, and Edie Woods, Madonna University

ABSTRACT: This study investigated the relationship between self-esteem, locus of control, the imposter phenomenon (IP) and academic achievement in high school students. The data suggest that both lower self-esteem and a more external locus of control predict a greater experience of the IP, and further, that both a greater experience of the IP and a more internal locus of control are related to higher academic achievement. We suggest that viewing the IP population as a heterogeneous group may account for the apparent inconsistencies in the data. Because it is clear that high school students experience the IP, it is a characteristic that bears further investigation leading to prevention, particularly in the context of academic achievement.

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