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Psi Chi Journal Spring 2007


Volume 12.1 | Spring 2007
Download This Issue - All articles are now free.

Associations Between Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms and Academic Self-Concept

Matthew Brent Findley and Renee V. Galliher, Utah State University

ABSTRACT: The current study assessed associations among 4 obsessive-compulsive symptom clusters and academic performance in a sample of 147 college undergraduate students. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms were assessed using the Leyton Obsessional Inventory short form (LOI-SF; Cooper, 1970). Academic performance was assessed using the Academic Self-Concept Scale (ASCS; Reynolds, Ramirez, Magrina, & Allen, 1980). Negative, linear associations were observed between the obsessive-compulsive characteristics of doubting/repeating behaviors and academic self-concept, as well as between fears of contamination and academic self-concept. However, a curvilinear association suggested that the symptom cluster of checking behavior and attention to detail, when exhibited at a moderate level, was found to be associated with higher academic self-concept. The results may challenge previously held assumptions that obsessive-compulsive symptoms, regardless of type or severity, are negatively associated with psychosocial functioning.

Understanding Students' University Educational Image and Its Role in College Choice

Jennifer Ellen Yugo, Bowling Green State University; Charlie L. Reeve, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of university recruitment systems hinges on an understanding of the factors used by students to discern the comparative quality of schools. This study drew on methods and theory from organizational image research to better understand the factors that students use in forming their overall image of a university as wells as their intentions to attend a particular university. Results found 5 key factors: Program Reputation, Degree Valuation, Familiarity, Extracurricular Opportunities, and Location. These factors, however, influence overall image and intent to attend differently. Results also show some differences in the importance of factors as a function of student ability, with the 5 factors predicting attraction better in higher as opposed to lower ability students.

Hardiness, Stress, and Health-Promoting Behaviors Among College Students

Virginia C. Cress and Claudia Lampman, University of Alaska Anchorage

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between hardiness, stress, and health-promoting behaviors among college students. Each of these concepts was measured using self-report: Personal Views Survey III-R, Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Perceived Stress Scale, and College Schedule of Recent Events-Modified. Multiple regression analysis was used to predict health–promoting behaviors from a composite of predictor variables including hardiness, perceived stress, recent stressful life events, and gender. The results showed that after controlling for perceived stress, recent stressful events, and gender, hardiness was the most significant predictor of health-promoting behaviors and negatively correlated with perceived stress. The discussion focuses on the potential benefits of hardiness training for a college student population.

The Relationship Between Gender, BMI, Self-Esteem, and Body Esteem in College Students

Adriana Pilafova, George Mason University; D.J. Angelone, Rowan University; Katrina Bledsoe, College of New Jersey

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between body esteem, self-esteem, and Body Mass Index (BMI) for college students. It was hypothesized that men would have higher self-esteem and body esteem than women. It also was hypothesized that lower BMI would be associated with greater self-esteem and body esteem. The sample consisted of 72 men and 81 women from a small northeastern college. In addition to several demographic questions, participants completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and a Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults. There were statistically significant relationships supporting both hypotheses. Compared to women, men had higher self-esteem and body esteem. For all participants, lower BMI scores were related to higher body esteem and higher self-esteem. Implications and limitations of this study are discussed.

Psychophysiological Responses to Visual Fear Stimuli

Courtney M. Roberts, Bowling Green State University; Katherine M. Hoetzl, Medical University of Ohio

ABSTRACT: The aim of the current research was to examine the effect of different types of fearful stimuli on heart rate and skin conductance. Our independent variable was the presentation of fearful stimuli in the form of movie clips. The clips were composed of suspenseful, gory, and shocking stimuli. Our dependent variables were heart rate and galvanic skin response recordings. Undergraduate students (n = 10) were used in the study (7 women, 3 men). Of the 3 movies investigated, we proposed that both heart rate and galvanic skin response would be lowest while viewing gory stimuli and highest while viewing shocking stimuli. This trend was present, however the results were not statistically significant. Future research ideas are suggested.

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