|Psi Chi Journal Fall 2012|
PSI CHI JOURNAL
Volume 17.3 | Fall 2012
Security and Similarity: Parent-Child Political Attitude Congruence as Predicted by Parental Attachment
Laura D. Van Berkel, Erin D. Solomon, and Eddie M. Clark, Agnes Scott College
ABSTRACT: We sought to examine parental attachment as a predictor of parent-child political attitude congruence. Participants completed the Inventory of Parental and Peer Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 2009), self-reported their level of liberalism and conservatism, and reported their parents’ liberalism and conservatism. Participants had greater conservative, t(122) = -2.18, p = .031, d = .19, and liberal attitude congruence, t(122) = 2.70, p = .008, d = .24, with their mothers than with their fathers. Paternal attachment was a significant predictor of father-child conservative, F(2, 120) = 3.43, p = .036, η2 = .05, and liberal attitude congruence, F(2, 120) = 3.23, p = .043, η2 = .05. Maternal attachment was not a significant predictor of mother-child conservative, F(2, 120) = .04, p = .963, η2 = .00, or liberal political attitude congruence, F(2, 120) = .36, p = .696, η2 = .00. Mothers’ political attitudes may be more influential in political attitude formation overall, while the influence of fathers’ political attitudes is dependent on contextual factors, such as attachment.
Stephanie Brueck, Lauren Mazza, and Alyssa Tousignant, Washington and Jefferson College
ABSTRACT: This study examined the relationship between perceived parental involvement during high school and academic mastery in college. A sample of 77 first- and second-year students from a small, northeastern liberal arts college completed the Parental Involvement Project (PIP) Student Questionnaire (Hoover-Dempsey, Sandler, & Walker, 2002). We hypothesized that higher reported levels of past parental involvement during high school would be related to greater reported current levels of collegiate academic mastery. Correlational analyses confirmed the hypothesized significant positive correlation between parental involvement during high school and collegiate academic mastery (r = .43, p < .001). These findings suggest a possible benefit of parental participation in the academic development of adolescents for later success in college.
Kyle P. Webber, Lisa M. Bauer, and Thomas E. Martinez, Pepperdine University and the University of Missouri-Columbia
ABSTRACT: This study examined the influence of sex, gender bias, and victim dress style (conservative vs. provocative) on attitudes toward a perceived instance of sexual harassment (SH). A convenience sample of 172 liberal arts college undergraduates responded to a series of surveys measuring SH behavior and attitudes toward this instance of SH and completed an implicit association task measuring gender bias. Results showed that biological sex significantly interacted with dress style and gender bias groupings. Within various gender bias classifications women disagreed more strongly than men that perpetrators of SH should receive no punishment. Similarly, women in the provocative dress style group disagreed more strongly than men in the provocative dress style group that the perpetrator should receive no punishment (p = .017). These findings show that the three factors examined in this study (biological sex, gender bias, and dress style) significantly influence SH attitudes. These findings may be utilized in organizational settings, as they illustrate key factors that influence perceptions of SH.
The Effect of Depression on Self-Harm and Treatment Outcome in Patients With Severe Dissociative Disorders
Jeremy C. Engelberg and Bethany L. Brand, Towson University
ABSTRACT: The first purpose of this study was to investigate whether patients diagnosed with dissociative identity disorder (DID) with severe depression attempt suicide or self-harm more than patients with less severe depression. The second purpose was to determine whether depression severity had an effect on treatment outcome in patients with DID. This study used data gathered by researchers conducting the Treatment of Patients with Dissociative Disorders (TOP DD) study (Brand, Classen, Lanius et al., 2009; Brand et al., 2012). Patients completed self-report measures assessing a broad range of their adaptive and dysfunctional behaviors and symptoms. Analyses showed that depression severity had a statistically significant positive correlation with self-harm (r = .24, p < .001) and suicide attempts (r = .15, p = .02). Over 30 months of treatment, more severe depression was associated with less improvement of impulsive actions (R2 = .039, p = .045), greater reduction in suicide attempts (p = .04), and greater involvement in social activities (R2 = .053, p = .02). These findings suggest that patients diagnosed with DID who suffer from severe depression may be as likely to improve in many outcomes as those who are less severely depressed.
Fan Yang, University of Iowa
ABSTRACT: Decision-making competence (DMC) is a construct above and beyond general intelligence which depicts people’s competency in making effective decisions (Parker & Fischhoff, 2005). The present study investigated the relationship between DMC scores and the family configuration of 10-year-old preadolescents (N = 97). The family configuration factors of interest were birth order, family size, sibling spacing, and sibling sex composition, which should relate to individual differences in general intelligence, according to previous research. The final results suggested that only family size (p = .02) and the sex of the closest sibling (p = .04) were significant predictors of preadolescents’ decision-making abilities. Although some findings contradict those in general intelligence research, the key results align with the confluence model for intellectual growth (Zajonc & Markus, 1975). Implications for the current work and directions for future research were discussed to drive further progress on this research topic.